While comprehensive reform stalled, “innovation” on immigration policy has taken the form in recent years of increasingly restrictive and aggressive enforcement policies. But signs of movement on both fronts were coming fast in October. President Barack Obama has repeatedly said he wants to begin consideration of a comprehensive immigration reform bill this fall after checking health care off his legislative agenda. Progress has been reported on drafting immigration legislation, and promised administrative reviews of some of the most harshly criticized aspects of federal immigration policies also were beginning to produce results that have satisfied advocates for immigrants. Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano outlined an overhaul of the system for immigrant detention, addressing many of the longstanding complaints about the treatment of detainees.