How about doing virtue scans on the candidates in this crucial election? Surely such background checks and assessments would lead to better choices than simply listening to campaign rhetoric and spin.  Predictions of actual responses to future challenges can be most accurately based on virtuously developed habits of moral behavior.

Virtues are on my mind because I’m working my way through a young friend’s admirable new book, Introducing Moral Theology: True Happiness and the Virtues  by William C. Mattison III. Bill has done a fine job presenting the importance of the  moral virtues, and in an engaging way that will appeal to his college students.

Chapters discussing the different virtues are interspersed with discussions of test cases, such as alcohol use and premarital sex. The first half of the book is devoted to the four cardinal virtues of temperance, courage, justice and prudence, which can be open to every reasonable person, and then the last half of the book treats the theological virtues of faith, hope and charity.

As I read along,  the thought experiment of assessing the present political candidates on their respective cardinal virtues became irresistible, however rough and ready the judgments.

First, the virtue of temperance seems to be equally displayed by the two slates. As a matter of fairness only present adult behavior should be counted. McCain is no longer a beer drinking and hell raising young midshipman and naval aviator, and Barack Obama the exemplary family man has left experimentation and inhaling far behind in the past.

Courage and fortitude also appear evenly matched on the tickets. Obama has had to overcome barriers of racism and Biden has triumphed over family tragedy and serious illness. Sarah Palin has taken on sexism, entrenched establishments and met her own family challenges.

Most famously, John Sidney McCain III has displayed the courage of his family’s military tradition in bravely enduring torture and the after effects of imprisonment in Hanoi Hilton.

While profiles of courage abound equally in our present election choices, the virtues of justice and prudence are definitely not evenly distributed. Obama and Biden in their past careers show a far greater concern for liberty, equality, peace and justice. They do not display misplaced loyalty on behalf of family and friends.  

The gap grows even larger when it comes to the all important virtue of prudence. Prudence is “the virtue of choosing well” or the acquired capacity of accurately sizing up situations and making good practical decisions.  Prudence is the preeminent virtue since as “the charioteer of the virtues,” it governs when and where a person deploys other virtues. Unfortunately, courage displayed in pursuing a bad cause can be dangerous.

Prudence comes from past experiences in making wise, responsible, well thought through choices-- not impulsive and not flamboyant ones. An unwillingness to accept guidance from others is also fatal to prudence.

In my estimation, John McCain and Sarah Palin, for all of their lively magnetic qualities are far outdistanced by Obama and Biden in exercising the virtue of prudence.

Appropriately, Biden and Obama have both taught constitutional law, and are well versed in the most prudent instrument for governing ever invented. When the checks and balances of the U.S. Constitution are arbitrarily flouted, disasters descend.

While no voter can control the future in this precarious and unsettled period they can seek to elect the most virtuous and prudent leaders possible. My own choice is obvious, and as my granddaughter’s answering message on her cell phone has it, "I think you know what to do."

Sidney Callahan

Comments

Anonymous | 9/21/2008 - 3:39pm
Sir: Your declaration that ''courage and fortitude appear evenly matched'' does not make it true. Your estimation, esteemed as many may find it, certainly does not count for fact. You have the advantage of publication, but you do not use it to advantage. Please include hard facts to account for your conclusions. I wonder how you can equate McCain's midshipman's adventures with Obama's flouting of the law and drug use. Why do you speak so dismissively of McCain's survival and exemplary character while imprisoned? You call it ''family tradition'' instead of personal integrity. And how is it that you refrain from mentioning Biden's several records (the one's we know about) of plagiarism? That hardly counts as prudence or any other virtue. And how do your candidates compare to McCain and Palin on the Choosing Life issues? Is that an unpleasant detail that you chose to omit? Your article, no doubt well meaning, is based more on feelings than facts. You do a disservice to your candidates when you cannot locate facts to back up your assertions.
Anonymous | 9/22/2008 - 12:17am
I guess that since you set up this exercise you are entitled to your opinion, but I think it is fairly obvious that you have your thumb on the scale. John McCain has demonstrated a measure of physical and mental courage that is virtually unequaled among living Americans. Both he and Sarah Palin have also shown a high degree of political courage by taking on the sacred cows and entrenched interests of their own party. There is nothing remotely comparable that can be said of either Barack Obama or Joe Biden. There is no evidence that any significant racial barriers have ever been placed in Obama's way, nor has he ever made a vote that can be characterized as courageous. He has always voted the straight party line, except for the hundreds of times when he found it more expedient to vote ''present''. Joe Biden has served in the Senate for almost his entire life; he has distinguished himself by his penchant for exaggerating his own modest accomplishments. As far as Obama and Biden being experts on constitutional law, they have both read an extreme pro-abortion agenda into its text. If you want to count that as the epitome of prudence, so be it. I would suggest a more relevant measure: Is it prudent to entrust the presidency of the United States to the least accomplished and least experienced candidate in at least the last 100 years?
Anonymous | 9/21/2008 - 4:50pm
Was it prudent for Barack Hussein Obama to sit for twenty years in a church and listen to the ravings of a racist and anti-American preacher? Milbo